Pre-drying optimization of oil palm veneers by response surface methodology

Choo, Adrian Cheng Yong and M. Tahir, Paridah and Karimi, Alinaghi and Bakar, Edi Suhaimi and Abdan, Khalina and Ibrahim, Azmi and Abd Halip, Juliana (2015) Pre-drying optimization of oil palm veneers by response surface methodology. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 73 (4). pp. 493-498. ISSN 1436736X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00107-015-0893-1

Abstract

For the manufacture of veneers, oil palm trees are considered as a suitable alternative material to traditional woods such as rubberwood and meranti. However, the high moisture content (MC) in oil palm wood is a major barrier for processing. Response surface methodology was used to optimize the oil palm pre-drying process. Oil palm veneers were fed into a veneer roller press machine to squeeze out moisture by varying passes, pressure and roller speed. For the outer oil palm veneers, pre-drying was carried out with 2 passes at a pressure of 8042 kPa and speed of 41.49 Hz. Optimum conditions for the inner oil palm veneers were found at 2 passes, a pressure of 7550 kPa and speed of 41.49 Hz. The MC reduction was determined at 17.62 % for the outer and 22.01 % for the inner veneers. In conclusion, pre-drying treatment significantly reduces the moisture content of oil palm veneers and lowers drying time.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Moisture content; roller speed; laminate veneer lumber; roller press; final moisture content
Subjects:T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS800-937 Wood technology. Lumber
ID Code:11106
Deposited By:Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Deposited On:13 May 2019 09:09
Last Modified:13 May 2019 09:09

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