Study on structure, surface morphology, electrical and magnetic properties in monovalent doped Pr0.75Na0.25Mn1-xCrxO3 AND Nd0.75Na0.25Mn1-yCryO3 of magnetic ceramics

Zawawi, Rabiatul Adawiyah (2021) Study on structure, surface morphology, electrical and magnetic properties in monovalent doped Pr0.75Na0.25Mn1-xCrxO3 AND Nd0.75Na0.25Mn1-yCryO3 of magnetic ceramics. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

[img] Text
24p RABIATUL ADAWIYAH BINTI ZAWAWI.pdf

Download (630kB)
[img] Text (Copyright Declaration)
RABIATUL ADAWIYAH BINTI ZAWAWI COPYRIGHT DECLARATION.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (291kB) | Request a copy
[img] Text (Full Text)
RABIATUL ADAWIYAH BINTI ZAWAWI WATERMARK.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

In perovskite manganites, Mn site substitution of Cr ion have attract great interest to suppress CO and induce phase transition. However most of study show inconsistent result regarding to the crystalline phase, surface morphology and magnetic properties as well as electrical properties study. Thus, two series of charge-ordered compound Pr0.75Na0.25Mn1-xCrxO3 (0≤x≤0.04) and Nd0.75Na0.25Mn1-yCryO3 (0≤y≤0.05) manganites have been synthesized using solid-state reaction method and the crystalline phase, surface morphology and magnetic properties as well as electrical properties were reported. Cr3+ have been chosen in this study due the electronic configuration which similar to Mn4+ where it is possibly involved in double-exchange mechanism. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the crystalline phase of all samples consists of essentially single phase and crystallized in an orthorhombic structure. The Cr doping were influence the lattice parameters and the unit cell volume, V whereas the values of V was observed to be decreased for both manganites series. Scanning electron microscope images of both compounds showed the changes of surface morphology for all samples when Cr was doped. AC susceptibility and DC electrical resistivity measurement for both parent compounds (x = 0 and y = 0) showed paramagnetic-insulator down to lower temperature. Interestingly, increasing of Cr for Pr0.75Na0.25Mn1-xCrxO3 compound showed ferromagnetic-metallic (FMM) transition for x = 0.02 and x = 0.04 samples. Metal-insulator transition temperature, TMI were found to be TMI~120 K and TMI~122 K. Meanwhile for AC susceptibility measurement with Curie temperature, TC increases from 132 K to 141 K respectively and undergoes the transition paramagnetic to ferromagnetic state. While, the Nd0.75Na0.25Mn1-yCryO3 showed antiferromagnetic-insulator for y = 0, y = 0.02 and y = 0.05. Thus, the effect of Cr substitution on both manganites series showed significant results on crystalline phase, surface morphology and magnetic as well as electrical properties.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Physics and Chemistry
Depositing User: Miss Afiqah Faiqah Mohd Hafiz
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2021 08:39
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2021 08:39
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/1112

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item