Consequences of the improper disposal of greywater

Noman, Efaq Ali and Al-Gheethi, Adel Ali Saeed and Radin Mohamed, Radin Maya Saphira and A. Talip, Balkis and Nagao, H. and Mohd Kassim, Amir Hashim and Bakar, Siti Asmah (2018) Consequences of the improper disposal of greywater. In: Management of Greywater in Developing Countries. Springer International Publishing AG, pp. 33-50. ISBN 9783319902685

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90269-2_2

Abstract

Discharge of greywater into the environment and natural water bodies is the main challenge in the management of greywater. The increase of greywater disposed into the environment has drawn serious attention from the society and the government who endeavour to find a safe alternative way for the disposal of these wastes. The implication for the improper disposal of greywater is associated with infectious agents. This is because the organisms are able to multiply in the environment and might reach the infective dose which causes several diseases in human and animals. In this chapter, the health risks and effects posed by pathogens and heavy metals in disposed greywater to the environment and humans are reviewed. The chapter discusses the level of risk for each component in greywater. It has appeared that eutrophication and water bloom are associated with the discharge of greywater into the natural water due to the high level of nutrients.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Discharge; health risk; heavy metals; HABs; regulations
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions:Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
ID Code:11139
Deposited By:Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Deposited On:13 May 2019 09:11
Last Modified:13 May 2019 09:11

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