Indoor air concentration from selective laser sintering 3d printer using Virgin Polyamide Nylon (PA12) Powder: a pilot study

Muhamad Damanhuri, Amir Abdullah and Hariri, Azian and Alkahari, Mohd Rizal and Md Fauadi, Muhammad Hafidz Fazli and Zainal Bakri, Zainal Bakri (2019) Indoor air concentration from selective laser sintering 3d printer using Virgin Polyamide Nylon (PA12) Powder: a pilot study. The International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11 (5). pp. 140-169. ISSN 2229-838X

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Environmental emissions from additive manufacturing (AM) have attracted much attention recently. The capability in fabricating complex part make AM famous in developing prototype and product in various industries, especially in aerospace, medical, automotive, and manufacturing industries. However, the study on emission and exposure mainly focusses on the desktop type such as fused deposition modelling. This study investigates the emission and indoor concentration from powder bed fusion of selective laser sintering (SLS) technologies. Prior to the investigation, virgin PA12 has undergone characterization in terms of morphology, size and thermal analysis. Calibration block using virgin polyamide nylon (PA12) is selected to be printed in this study. Parameters such particulate matter size 2.5 μm (PM 2.5), total volatile organic compound (TVOC), carbon dioxide (CO2), formaldehyde, temperature and relative humidity (RH) are set to be monitored through real-time sampling of 8 hours based on Industry Code of Practice on Indoor Air Quality 2010 by Department Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) Malaysia. Four phases of the printing process involve are background data, preprinting, during printing and post-printing. Based on the study it was found that PM 2.5 and CO2 exceed the acceptable limit recommended by DOSH Malaysia during the preparation of powder (preprinting) at 1218 ppm and 1070 μg/m3 respectively. Meanwhile TVOC concentration was influenced by the sintered powder temperature and recorded at 0.5 ppm. Temperature, relative humidity and formaldehyde were maintained throughout the SLS process. Mitigation strategies using mechanical ventilation and personal protective equipment (PPE) are recommended to be used to reduce the potential of occupational hazard to the operators.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Additive manufacturing; selective laser sintering; indoor air quality; occupational exposure; and 3D printing
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS155-194 Production management. Operations management
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 02:44
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2021 02:44

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