A design of low power single axis solar tracking system regardless of motor speed

Ponniran, Asmarashid and Hashim, Ammar and Joret , Ariffuddin A design of low power single axis solar tracking system regardless of motor speed. International Journal of Integrated Engineering . ISSN 2229-838X

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Abstract

Solar power generation had been used as a renewable energy since years ago. Residential that uses solar power as their alternative power supply will bring benefits to them. The main objective of this paper is to present development of an automatic solar tracking system whereby the system will cause solar panels will keep aligned with the Sunlight in order to maximize in harvesting solar power. The system focuses on the controller design whereby it will cause the system is able to tracks the maximum intensity of Sunlight is hit. When the intensity of Sunlight is decreasing this system automatically changes its direction to get maximum intensity of Sunlight, LDR light detector acts as a sensor is used to trace the coordinate of the sunlight by detecting brightness level of sunlight. While to rotate the appropriate position of the panel, a DC geared motor is used. The system is controlled by two relays as a DC-geared motor driver and a microcontroller as a main processor. This project is covered for a single axis and is designed forlow power and residential usage applications. From the hardware testing, the system is able to track and follow the sunlight intensity in order to get maximum solar power at the output regardless motor speed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:solar tracking; solar tracker; microcontroller; DC motor; LDR
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ807-830 Renewable energy sources
ID Code:2451
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:23 Apr 2012 15:22
Last Modified:23 Apr 2012 15:22

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