Extraction of biological hydroxyapatite from tuna fish bone for biomedical applications

LATIF, A.F.A. and Mohd Pu’ad, N.A.S. and RAMLI, N.A.A and MUHAMAD, M.S and Abdullah, H.Z. and IDRIS, M.I. and Lee, T. C. (2020) Extraction of biological hydroxyapatite from tuna fish bone for biomedical applications. In: International Conference on Advanced Materials Characterization Techniques (AMCT 2019), 23rd to 24th July 2019, Putra Regency Hotel, Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia.

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Natural hydroxyapatite (HAp) is known for its common use in biomedical applications including in orthopaedic and implantation. HAp can be extracted from natural resources such as eggshells, fish bones and coral. Annually, it is found that huge amount of tuna fish bones was thrown away and being wasted as results from great consumption of tuna fish. In this study, tuna fish bones were extracted and characterised to be used in biomedical applications. Specifically, tuna fish bones were cleaned, and calcined at high temperature of 700 °C, 900 °C and 1100 °C. Powders calcined at 700 °C showed pure HAp compared to powders calcined at 900 °C and 1100 °C which showed the presence of β-TCP. As temperature rising, the morphology of the powders also changes from spherical-shaped to irregular-shaped indicated the substitution of phosphate and calcium from the β-TCP which also influenced the ratio of Ca/P obtained. In this study, powders calcined at 700 °C obtained optimum Ca/P ratio of 1.60. Moreover, EDS analysis showed the presence of tracer elements such as Ca, Mg, Sr Na, K and Zn in all calcined samples. These elements can help improve the biocompatibility of the HAp and beneficial for biomedical applications.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydroxyapatite; biomedical implant; natural biomaterials; calcination
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Saiful Zaree Johar
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2021 09:04
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 09:04
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/2672

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