Development of a human fall detection system based on depth maps

Nizam, Yoosuf (2018) Development of a human fall detection system based on depth maps. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


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Assistive care related products are increasingly in demand with the recent developments in health sector associated technologies. There are several studies concerned in improving and eliminating barriers in providing quality health care services to all people, especially elderly who live alone and those who cannot move from their home for various reasons such as disable, overweight. Among them, human fall detection systems play an important role in our daily life, because fall is the main obstacle for elderly people to live independently and it is also a major health concern due to aging population. The three basic approaches used to develop human fall detection systems include some sort of wearable devices, ambient based devices or non-invasive vision based devices using live cameras. Most of such systems are either based on wearable or ambient sensor which is very often rejected by users due to the high false alarm and difficulties in carrying them during their daily life activities. Thus, this study proposes a non-invasive human fall detection system based on the height, velocity, statistical analysis, fall risk factors and position of the subject using depth information from Microsoft Kinect sensor. Classification of human fall from other activities of daily life is accomplished using height and velocity of the subject extracted from the depth information after considering the fall risk level of the user. Acceleration and activity detection are also employed if velocity and height fail to classify the activity. Finally position of the subject is identified for fall confirmation or statistical analysis is conducted to verify the fall event. From the experimental results, the proposed system was able to achieve an average accuracy of 98.3% with sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 97.7%. The proposed system accurately distinguished all the fall events from other activities of daily life.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA1501-1820 Applied optics. Photonics
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Sabarina Che Mat
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2021 02:22
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2021 02:22

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