A new method to enhance the computational efficiency of data mining classification modelling techniques by introducing gain parameter

Mohd Nawi, Nazri (2011) A new method to enhance the computational efficiency of data mining classification modelling techniques by introducing gain parameter. Other thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

Noise is a form of a pollutant that is terrorizing the occupational health experts for many decades due to its adverse side-effects on the workers in the industry. Noise- Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) handicap is one out of many health hazards caused due to excessive exposure to high frequency noise emitted from the machines. A number of studies have been carried-out to find the significant factors involved in causing NIHL in industrial workers using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). Despite providing useful information on hearing loss, these studies have neglected some important factors. The traditional Back-propagation Neural Network (BPNN) is a supervised Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) algorithm and widely used in solving many real time problems in world. But BPNN possesses a problem of slow convergence and network stagnancy. Previously, several modifications were suggested to improve the convergence rate of Gradient Descent Back-propagation algorithm such as careful selection of initial weights and biases, learning rate, momentum, network topology, activation function and 'gain' value in the activation function. This research proposed an algorithm known as GDAM which improving the current working performance of Back-propagation algorithm by adaptively changing the momentum value and at the same time keeping the 'gain' parameter fixed for all nodes in the neural network. The performance of the proposed GDAM is compared with 'Gradient Descent Method with Adaptive Gain (GDM-AG) (Nazri, 2007)' and 'Gradient Descent with Simple Momentum (GDM)' by performing simulations on classification problems. The results show that GDAM is a better approach than previous methods with an accuracy ratio of 1.0 for classification problems. The efficiency of the proposed GDAM is further verified by means of simulations on Noise-Induced Hearing loss WHL) audiometric data obtained from Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB). The proposed GDAM shows improved prediction results on both ears and will be helpful in improving the declining health condition of industrial workers in Malaysia. At present, only few studies have emerged to predict NIHL using ANN but have failed to achieve high accuracy. The achievements made by GDAM has paved way for indicating NIHL in workers before it becomes severe and cripples him or her for life. GDAM is also helpful in educating the blue collared employees to avoid noisy environments and remedies against exposure to excessive noise can be taken in the future to prevent hearing damage.

Item Type:Thesis (Other)
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD891-894 Noise and its control
Divisions:Faculty of Science Computer and Information Technology > Department of Software Engineering
ID Code:2876
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:21 Dec 2012 15:18
Last Modified:21 Dec 2012 15:18

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