Shear resistance improvement of oil-contaminated ballast layer with rubber shred inclusions

Chan, Chee Ming and S.M Johan, Siti Farhanah (2016) Shear resistance improvement of oil-contaminated ballast layer with rubber shred inclusions. International Journal of GEOMATE, 11 (27). pp. 2723-2729. ISSN 2186-2982

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Railway ballast, which form an integral part of rail tracks, is highly susceptible to subsistence due to both vibration transmitted by the passing trains, as well as the breakage of ballasts with repeated impact. The resulting subsistence necessitates regular monitoring and maintenance, involving cost- and time- consuming remedial actions, such as stone-blowing and ballast renewal. Measures to minimize the wear and tear effect are therefore desirable to prolong the lifespan of the ballast layer. It is even more critical when the ballast is contaminated with oil and grease from braking wheels and leakages. This paper describes the inclusion of rubber shreds (≤10 mm in length, 1.5 mm thick) derived from the inner tubes of motorcycle tyres in oil-contaminated ballast layer for shear resistance improvement. The tests are mainly carried out in a standard direct shear test setup, i.e. shear box measuring 60 mm x 60 mm. Granitic stones of suitable sizes were sieved and used as representative samples of typical ballast. The samples were soaked in lubricant oil for 14 days to simulate the contamination. The direct shear test results indicated rubber shreds inclusion could effectively improve the shear resistance of ballast and expedient in deformation control with increased ductility of the composites. This could potentially improve absorption of impact, hence reduction of breakages of the ballasts. Clearly both mechanisms contribute to the overall reduced subsistence, accompanied by an increase in the shear resistance. However, further investigations in a dynamic test setup are necessary for verifications prior to field implementation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ballasted track; Oil-contamination; Rubber shreds; Shear box test; Settlement; Displacement
Subjects: T Technology > TF Railroad engineering and operation
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Siti Noraida Miskan
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2021 03:09
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 03:09

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