Effect of ambient temperature and oxygen concentration on ignition and combustion process of diesel spray

Khalid, Amir Effect of ambient temperature and oxygen concentration on ignition and combustion process of diesel spray. Asian Journal of Scientific Research .

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Abstract

The mixture formation prior to the ignition process plays as a key element in the diesel combustion. Parametric studies of ignition process in a low oxygen concentration and low ambient temperature have received considerable attention in potential for reducing emissions. Purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of ambient temperature and oxygen concentration parameters during ignition delay period, which have to be significantly influences throughout the combustion process that strongly affects the exhaust emissions. This study investigated the effects of ambient temperature and oxygen concentration on diesel combustion fundamentally using rapid compression machine. The detail behavior of mixture formation during ignition delay period was investigated using the schlieren photography system with a high speed camera. This method can capture spray evaporation, spray interference, mixture formation and flame development clearly with real images. Ignition process and flame development were investigated by direct photography method using a light sensitive high-speed color digital video camera. The sensitive camera can capture flame development clearly with the mixture of dark, bright and blue flames. The oxygen availability and ambient temperature are important variable that strongly affect to the fuel evaporation, endothermic and prolysis process during ignition delay. Decreased ambient temperatures, the ignition delay period is extended and enhanced fuel-air premixing, which promotes the initial heat release. However, lowering oxygen concentration in volume slightly increases the ignition delay and generates low-luminosity flames at ignition. The flames develop very slowly to the combustion chamber. This type of flame development produces two-stage history of heat release rate after ignition. Further, initial heat generation after ignition is strongly dependent on oxygen mass concentration.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:mixture formation;diesel combustion;ignition delay;ignition process;spray;rapid compression machine;flame pattern;image analysis
Subjects:T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions:Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
ID Code:3535
Deposited By:Dr. Amir Khalid
Deposited On:06 Mar 2013 12:32
Last Modified:06 Mar 2013 12:32

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