The grading effect of coarse sand on consolidated undrained strength behaviour of sand matrix soils

Othman, Bakhtiar Affandy and Marto, Aminaton and Mohd Yunus, Nor Zurairahetty and Tan, Choy Soon and Pakir, Faizal (2019) The grading effect of coarse sand on consolidated undrained strength behaviour of sand matrix soils. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 7 (5). pp. 88-92. ISSN 2277-3878

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In geotechnical engineering field, the behaviour of soil does rely much on the shear strength for design purpose. Previously, findings show that the change of grained size in soil will change the structure (microstructure) and behaviour of the soil; consequently, affected the strength. To date, limited study focused on the effect of grading on the behaviour of sand fine mixtures. This study aims to investigate the effect of coarse sand on undrained strength behaviour of sand matrix soils in comparison with clean sand. A series of test on reconstituted sand matrix soils had been carried out by conducting consolidated undrained (CU) triaxial test using GDS ELDYN® triaxial machine. Coarse sand (retain within 2.0 mm to 0.6 mm) was mixed with 0%, 10 %, 20%, 30%, and 40% of fine particles (kaolin) independently by weight to prepare reconstituted samples. Triaxial samples of 50 mm diameter and 100 mm height were prepared using wet tamping technique (5% of moisture content) with targeted relative density at 15% (loose state). Each reconstituted sample was sheared at two effective confining pressures of 100 kPa and 200 kPa, respectively. Results show that the gradation contributed to the behaviour of the sand matrix soils. Increasing percentage of coarse sand in sand matrix soils exhibited higher effective friction angle. Similar trends were also observed on the angularity effect on undrained shear strength parameters.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sand Matrix Soils; Coarse Sand; Consolidated Undrained; Cohesion; Friction Angles.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA703-712 Engineering geology. Rock mechanics. Soil mechanics.
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Built Environment > Department of Civil Engineering : Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering
Depositing User: Miss Afiqah Faiqah Mohd Hafiz
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2021 04:32
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2021 04:32

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