Comparative study on micronsized and nanosized carica papaya seed modified pullulan as biocoagulant in wastewater treatment

Deong, Jing Lie and Ahmad, Mazatusziha and Azhar, Nur Sabrina (2021) Comparative study on micronsized and nanosized carica papaya seed modified pullulan as biocoagulant in wastewater treatment. Solid State Phenomena, 317. pp. 276-282. ISSN 1662-9779

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Plant-based coagulants have been used as an alternative material to replace chemical coagulant in wastewater treatment. So far, limited information was found on the incorporation of plant-based biocoagulant to natural polymers and the effect of particle size upon wastewater treatment application. Thus, this study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of micronsized and nanosized Carica Papaya (CP) seed modified pullulan as biocoagulant. Biocoagulant were prepared at different composition of CP to pullulan, with the CP content range from 1% to 9%. The biocoagulant were characterized via Particle Size Analyzer (PSA), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and morphological analysis via Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM). It was used to treat municipal wastewater. The treated wastewater quality was analyzed by jar test method with dosage of biocoagulant used was 0.6g/L. Result showed that the 10% (D10), 50% (D50) and 90% (D90) distribution of micronsized CP had particle size of 0.3675 μm, 0.8433 μm and 1.9537 μm respectively. The nanosized CP was 0.4473nm (D10), 2.3758nm (D50) and 2.9938nm (D90). Characterization of biocoagulant via FTIR revealed the appearance of O-H, C=O, C-H and C-O-C bond which contribute to particle interaction for turbidity reduction of wastewater. Jar test analysis found that at 3% micronsized CP and 7% nanosized CP were able to reduce turbidity up to 59.65% and 65.27% respectively. Both size of biocoagulant slightly changed the pH of treated wastewater to neutral, increased in dissolved oxygen (DO) and reduced in total suspended solid (TSS). Overall, nanosized CP was found more effective as compared to micronsized CP.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carica papaya seed; biocoagulant; pullulan; wastewater
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > TD429.5-480.7 Water purification. Water treatment and conditioning. Saline water conversion
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Chemical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2021 08:28
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2021 08:28

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