Effects of alumina foam coated with stanum (IV) oxide on the emission of gasoline engine

Amirnordin, Shahrin Hisham and Abd Rahman, Hamimah and Ahmad Hudin, Ahmad Sobri and Rahmat, Norwahdah and Mohd Ali, Mas Fawzi and Md Seri, Suzairin and Alimin, Ahmad Jais and Mohideen Batcha, Mohd Faizal and Wan Salim, Wan Saiful-Islam (2009) Effects of alumina foam coated with stanum (IV) oxide on the emission of gasoline engine. In: 2nd International Conference on Engineering Technology 2009 (ICET 2009), 8-10, December 2009, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Stanum oxide-based materials are known for the catalytic activities on noxious gases. Combination of alumina foam structure and zeolite in filtration, refining and separation of chemical species is seen to increase the capability of such filter. The search for alternative materials are intensifying as the existing catalysts (Platinum Group Metal-PGM) used in honeycomb structure found in typical catalytic converters are prohibitively expensive. This paper reports the effects of stanum (IV) oxide coating on alumina foam as pollutant abatement in gasoline engine. The filter employs polymeric sponge method to obtain porous structure with a composition of 70 vol. % alumina and 30 vol. % of zeolite. The filters are installed on a 1300 cc carburetted engine. Hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emission are measured at several speeds ranging from 1500 rpm to 3500 rpm. The result of the test is compared with a non-filter system. Analysis shows a reduction of both HC and CO emission levels up to 25 % between 1500 rpm to 3500 rpm for alumina foam compared to the non-filter system.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:HC; CO; alumina foam; catalytic converter; stanum (IV) oxide
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
ID Code:459
Deposited By:Shahrin Hisham Amirnordin
Deposited On:09 Mar 2011 12:06
Last Modified:29 Apr 2011 14:40

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