Current state and future perspectives of biomass in the European Union: focusing on combined heat and power application (CHP)

Nordin , Normayati and Badr, Ossama and Hariri , Azian and Basharie, Siti Mariam (2010) Current state and future perspectives of biomass in the European Union: focusing on combined heat and power application (CHP). In: World Engineering Congress 2010, 2 – 5 August 2010, Kuching, Sarawak.

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Abstract

Biomass is one of the Renewable Energy Sources (RES) that has a worldwide potential to be exploited, but, it seems not to be in the European Union (EU) countries, where the biomass potential is not fully manipulated. Bioheating and bioelectricity are the two applications of biomass which have a practical gap that still need specific enhancement in order to meet the Kyoto targets which are to increase the renewable energy share gross consumption up to 12% as well as to abate CO2 emission by 2010. However, due to a lack of appropriate legislative tools and policies mainly in bioheating and inefficient of bioelectricity itself, Kyoto target is likely far to be achieved by the EU. Therefore, as far as this problem is concerned, implementation of cogeneration or so called combined heat and power (CHP) system is considered as among the way that could be taken to solve this problem. This is parallel to the Directive 2004/8/EC, 2004 that addresses about the advantages using this system which can increase the overall energy performance and reduce CO2 emissions. In the future perspective of EU, possessing abundant of solid biofuels make the CHP system is definitely relevant to be run. In fact, it is not only in EU perspective but this concept can fortunately be generalized to the other regions all over the world based on their climate, land availability as well as national policies.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:biomass;bioheating;bioelectricity;cogeneration/combined heat and power (CHP)
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ807-830 Renewable energy sources
Divisions:Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
ID Code:4604
Deposited By:Mrs. Normayati Nordin
Deposited On:12 Dec 2013 14:38
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 14:38

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