The characterization of banana blossom peel and floret as an adsorbent for the removal of manganese in groundwater

Omar, Suhair and Mohd Yusoff, Nor Syahidah and Muhamad, Mimi Suliza and Hamidon, Nuramidah and Abdul Hamid, Nor Hazren and Harun, Hasnida and Mohamed Sunar, Norshuhaila and Ali, Roslinda (2020) The characterization of banana blossom peel and floret as an adsorbent for the removal of manganese in groundwater. Materials Science Forum, 981. pp. 362-368. ISSN 0255-5476

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Manganese (Mn) is one of the most serious pollutants that have negative effects on the ecosystem and water supply. The water industry faces major challenges in its treatment for contaminant and in developing an alternative product with low cost. Among various adsorbents, agriculture waste is preferred due to its biodegradability and availability. The removal of manganese (Mn) from groundwater was investigated using two different adsorbents which are banana blossom peel and floret. SEM analysis shows the formation of microporous structure for both banana blossom peels and floret while FTIR analysis confirms the functional group of strong hydroxyl group that responsible for the adsorption process. The water quality index for the groundwater sample was classified into class III which required extensive treatment. Batch adsorption experiments revealed that both adsorbents had maximum removal efficiency using 0.5 g adsorbent dosage. The banana blossom peel reduces Mn to 0.10 mg/L with 81.1% removal, while the banana blossom floret reduces Mn concentration to 0.12 mg/L with 77.7% removal.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Manganese; Groundwater; Banana blossom peel; Floret; Adsorbent
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Miss Afiqah Faiqah Mohd Hafiz
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2022 02:49
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2022 02:49

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