High xylooligosaccharides (XOS) production from pretreated kenaf stem by enzyme mixture hydrolysis

Wan Azelee, Nur Izyan and Md Jahim, Jamaliah and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Mohamad Fuzi, Siti Fatimah Zaharah and A. Rahman, Roshanida and Md Illias, Rosli (2016) High xylooligosaccharides (XOS) production from pretreated kenaf stem by enzyme mixture hydrolysis. Industrial Crops and Products, 81. pp. 11-19. ISSN 0926-6690

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Advancement in industrial biotechnology offers potential opportunities for economic utilization of agro-industrial biomass such as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) for the production of value-added products. This work was conducted to evaluate an enzymatic hydrolysis of kenaf stem (that has been pretreated) for xylooligosaccharides (XOS) production. Pretreated kenaf stems were subjected to two enzymatic hydrolysis approaches which are single xylanase (Xyn2) and a mixture of xylanase:arabinofuranosidase (Xyn2:AnabfA). Central Composite Design was used to optimize the enzymatic hydrolysis conditions on the pretreated kenaf stem to achieve maximum hemicellulose conversion. Under the optimized hydrolysis conditions, hemicellulose conversion (95.03%) with the highest XOS yield of 351.46 mg/g was achieved at 40 °C (pH 4.0) after 48 h incubation with Xyn2:AnabfA ratio of 400 U:10 U. Xylobiose (135.42 mg/g) is the main XOS product with xylotriose (102.04 mg/g) being the second highest. The high production of XOS yield from the pretreated kenaf stem demonstrated the biotechnological potential of the kenaf in the future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arabinofuranosidase; Enzyme mixture; Hemicellulose; Xylanase; Xylooligosaccharides
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Physics and Chemistry
Depositing User: Mrs. Nur Nadia Md. Jurimi
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 08:19
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 08:19
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/5266

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