Modelling of transport mechanisms and drying shrinkage for multilayer ceramic membrane structure

Harun, Zawati and Tze, Ching Ong and Matsuura, Takeshi and Hubadillah, Siti Khadijah and Dzarfan Othman, Mohd Hafiz and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2018) Modelling of transport mechanisms and drying shrinkage for multilayer ceramic membrane structure. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 133. pp. 111-125. ISSN 0263-8762

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In ceramic membrane preparation, the understanding of drying phenomena is very important to ensure no defects and failures that may present in the membrane layers. The combination of hygroscopic and non-hygroscopic multilayer systems that possess different properties is always associated with the failure ofthe consolidated structure of ceramics during the drying and sintering process. Hence, a two-dimensional mathematical model that coupled mass, heat, and gas transfer was employed to describe the drying process as a whole multilayer ceramic membranes structure. The finite element method was used to solve the model and computation was carried out using a Skyline solver to capture the highly nonlinear and transient process. This study emphasises on the evolution of transport variables during the drying that can be correlated to shrinkage mechanism. The side surface heating boundary was performed with a conclusion that hygroscopic materials have low drying rate due to the material characteristic which inherent higher water retention in a solid matrix. This characteristic also causes higher pore water pressure and gas pressure. The drying of hygroscopic layer has resulted in higher moisture gap which in turn increased the possibilities of cracking. The results obtained from this study enable the optimisation with respect to drying time and material selection thus significantly contributes to the energy saving as well as reducing the environmental effect via less waste energy loss.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multilayer ceramic membrane; Drying; Mathematical model; Coupled mass; Heat and gas transfer
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155-156 Chemical engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing Engineering
Depositing User: UiTM Student Praktikal
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2022 04:31
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2022 04:31

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