The effects of heat and compression on moisture content and water absorption of PALF/sugarcane bagasse composition in disposable plate production

Mustapa, Mohammad Sukri and Sabdin, Saiful Din and Mohd Tobi, Abdul Latif and Wahab, Md Saidin and Mohamed Yunus, Mohd Radzi and Yusof, Yusri (2014) The effects of heat and compression on moisture content and water absorption of PALF/sugarcane bagasse composition in disposable plate production. In: International Integrated Engineering Summit (IIES 2014), 1-4 December 2014, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor.

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of heat and compression effects on moisture content and water absorption properties in the manufacturing of disposable plate made from Pineapple Leaf Fiberbased material (PALF). The plate was made of PALF and sugarcane bagasse waste as an alternative to polystyrenes, designed to promote the green technology effort on food packaging material. Two different specimens were produced with different compositions of PALF/sugarcane bagasse, series N2T8 as a 20% Pineapple leaf fiber and 80% sugarcane bagasse and series N8T2 as an 80% Pineapple leaf fiber and 20% sugarcane bagasse. The specimens were produced using a hot press machine set at compressing temperatures of 50°C, 100°C and 150°C with constant pressure of 0.024 MPa for 10 minutes. Moisture content and water absorption tests were carried out on the specimens to determine the moisture content and water absorption properties. The best water absorption was obtained for specimen N8T2 because PALF/sugarcane potential to hydroscopic and water resistance. This range of properties is expected to be good enough for the requirement of disposable plate and it has the potential as a suitable raw material for strength and lightweight in the manufacturing of disposable plates

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:water absorption; heat compression; moisture content; pineapple leaf fibers; sugarcane bagasse fibers; disposable plate
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions:Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Engineering Mechanics
ID Code:6377
Deposited By:Mrs. Nurhayati Ali
Deposited On:09 Mar 2015 15:03
Last Modified:21 May 2015 15:23

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