A study on the profile of solid waste and its reduction alternatives at Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Pagoh Campus, Muar, Johor

Lim, Chun Lan (2021) A study on the profile of solid waste and its reduction alternatives at Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Pagoh Campus, Muar, Johor. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Malaysia.

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Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) Pagoh campus is a new branch of UTHM campus situated at the Pagoh Education Hub, Johor. No studies have been conducted to determine the amount and types of waste generated in this campus, as well as the waste reduction initiatives. It is important to find out the generation and composition of waste before any recommendations for an integrated solid waste management program can be made. A mixed-method approach which comprised of quantitative and qualitative data collection was used to achieve the objectives of this research. This research revealed the results of a waste audit conducted for 10 consecutive weeks on the campus which includes the academic zone, cafeteria zone and laboratory zone. From the quantitative results, it can be summarized the average solid waste generation rate in UTHM Pagoh campus varied during regular lecture weeks, mid-semester break, and Ramadan lecture weeks, which were 203.90 kg/day, 93.96 kg/day, and 24.48 kg/day respectively. The cafeteria has been identified as the main contributor to solid waste generation on campus. The composition of the waste generated consisted of 66.9 % food waste, 19.0 % residual waste, 7.1% plastic, 4.3 % paper, 0.7 % metals, 0.7 % beverage cartons, 0.5 % aluminum, 0.6 % of other organic waste, 0.2 % of other non-organic waste and 0.1 % glass. From the qualitative data collection, the interview results revealed that the main obstacle in implementing a good SWM in the campus was the students’ and staffs’ attitude towards solid waste issues. Other challenges elaborated by the respondents include low awareness, insufficient facilities, and financial constraints. From the waste collected, it was found that a potential income of RM 330.98 could be obtained from the sales of recyclable waste. In addition, results from the cost-benefit analysis revealed that the implementation of a composting machine was found feasible to be implemented in the campus. Based on the results, proposals on the awareness campaigns, waste separation models and policy to improve the quality of SWM on the campus are provided to reduce the solid waste generated strategically.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD783-812.5 Municipal refuse. Solid wastes
Depositing User: Mrs. Sabarina Che Mat
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2022 21:23
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2022 21:23
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6501

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