Effects of Staggered Array of Cubical Obstacles on Near- Ground Wind Environment and Air Quality

Muhammad Yazid, Muhammad Noor Afiq Witri and Badar Sharif, Asyraf Sharif and Che Sidik, Nor Azwadi and Hanipah, M. H. and Mohd Zawawi, Fazila and Abidin, Ummikalsom (2019) Effects of Staggered Array of Cubical Obstacles on Near- Ground Wind Environment and Air Quality. "Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences", 58 (2). pp. 261-274. ISSN 2289-7879

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Deterioration of natural ventilation in outdoor environments due to rapid urbanisation has raised the issues pertaining to pedestrians’ thermal comforts and pollutant exposures. There are substantial interests in the recent years to get an insight on how deficient these situations are and later propose the appropriate urban layout for optimum wind ventilation in a dense urban area. The objective of this paper is to numerically study the effects of urban layouts (i.e., staggered arrangements and cubes’ densities) on wind ventilation and air quality near the ground subjected to one wind direction; perpendicular to the disposition direction. Computational fluid dynamics simulations were carried out by the use of standard k−ε turbulence model and found to be in fair agreement against the experimental data. Our result showed that loosely packed cubes exhibited lower pollutant concentration and higher wind speed near the ground compared to medium and densely packed cubes. Air quality was improved in closely packed cubes with staggered layout but did not show any improvement in medium and loosely packed cubes with staggered layout. Adversely, disposition of cubes exhibited lower wind speed compared to regular cubes for all street gap sizes. This paper also illustrates a practical strategy in optimising building layouts for wind flow enhancement and air quality improvement in an idealised urban area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Staggered urban layout; wind environment; pollutant dispersion; computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD169-171.8 Environmental protection
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Shahrul Ahmad Bakri
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 04:15
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2022 04:15
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6851

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