Outlook on the carbon-based materials for heavy metal removal

Ibrahim, Haziqatulhanis and Sazali, Norazlianie and Wan Salleh, Wan Norharyati and Ngadiman, Nor Hasrul Akhmal and Fadila, Nor Akmal and Harun, Zawati (2022) Outlook on the carbon-based materials for heavy metal removal. Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, 12 (4). pp. 5303-5323. ISSN 2069-5837

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Carbon-based materials, including graphene (GR), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), activated carbon, and biochar, are the most common materials often applied to separate heavy metals from the water stream. A key feature of carbon adsorbent is the functional group of its adjustable surfaces. Both GR and CNTs exhibit the most favorable materials and may be the right choice in the future because of their excellent nature and unique structure. In order to commercialize the use of carbon absorbent in the removal of heavy metals, the mechanism of adsorption of carbon on heavy metals must be fully understood. In view of the good properties of carbon-based materials, a detailed study of their characteristics and synthesis, and modifications should be highlighted. Therefore, this article will discuss the properties, modifications, and use of carbon-based materials as adsorbents for various hazardous metal ions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon materials; graphene oxide; carbon nanotubes; heavy metal removal; adsorption mechanism.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2022 07:59
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2022 07:59
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6867

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