Characteristics of developed flexible polyurethane foams reinforced with coconut coir fibres and recycled tyres

Chan, Wen Shan and Ghazali, Mohd Imran (2012) Characteristics of developed flexible polyurethane foams reinforced with coconut coir fibres and recycled tyres. Other thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

Flexible Polyurethane (PU) foam is generally used in seat cushions of automotive seating for comfort and supporting the occupants. However, due to the demand for more comfortable compartment; seat cushions are now designed for better riding comfort and acoustic absorption which linked to the damping of foam. Incorporated treated coir fibres (F) and tyre particles (P) into polymeric material had improved the damping and strength of the material. In this research, flexible PU foams were reinforced with two fillers for the purpose of higher damping property and improve the mechanical strength. Five samples with 2.5wt% of filler loading were developed. The damping of sampIes was measured on sound absorption and vibration transmissibility test that generated at lmm, 1.5mm, O.lg, and 0.15g base excitation while their mechanical properties were examined through compression, tear resistance, and compression set. The morphology of samples was also observed by SEM in this research. The results showed that the foam composites produced have smaller cell size, in which the smallest was 840ym compared to 1290ym obtained in pure PU foam. The mechanical properties revealed that the strength of flexible PU foam increased with added treated coir fibres and recycled tyres. The best properties were shown in PU+2.5wt%(50F50P) which increased by 10.78% on the compressive modulus, 9.33% on the compressive strength, 14.49% on the static energy absorption, and 3.76% on the tear strength compared to pure PU foam. The sound absorption and vibration damping of the developed foams showed that more energy were absorbed and dissipated by these foams after fillers added. The PU+2.5wt%(80P20F) and PU+2.5wt%F presented an excellent sound absorption characteristics at 20mm and 40rnm thickness, respectively, whereas PU+2.5wt%PY PU+2.5wt%(80P20F), and PU+2.5wt%(80F20P) showed higher vibration damping from the transmissibility test.

Item Type:Thesis (Other)
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD881-890 Air pollution and its control
ID Code:6868
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:18 May 2015 14:45
Last Modified:18 May 2015 14:45

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