Exploring the effectiveness of STEAM integrated approach via scratch on computational thinking

Wee, Ling Tan and Samsudin, Mohd Ali and Ismail, Mohd Erfy and Ahmad, Nur Jahan and Abdul Talib, Corrienna (2021) Exploring the effectiveness of STEAM integrated approach via scratch on computational thinking. EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 17 (12). pp. 1-19.

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This study examined the effectiveness of STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, Mathematics) integrated approach via Scratch on five subconstructs of computational thinking (CT) among 29 male and 30 female students. A quasi-experimental design was employed in the research. The participants demonstrated the application of CT in designing games via Scratch during the intervention. The Computational Thinking Survey (CTS) was administered pre-CT and post- CT tests in measuring the five subconstructs of CT. Repeated multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) results showed that the intervention positively affected male and female students’ comprehension concerning the five subconstructs of CT. The results were strengthened by the repeated measure of analysis of variance (ANOVA) with posthoc comparisons, indicating all five subconstructs of CT increased significantly (p < .05). Indirectly, this research introduced a new teaching methodology for students’ CT level in the current electronic and technology-advanced era and increased concept manipulation capacity among male and female students.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computational thinking; constructionism theory; five subconstructs of computational thinking; Scratch; STEAM integrated approach
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T351-385 Mechanical drawing. Engineering graphics
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2022 06:50
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2022 06:50
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6873

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