Online reciprocal peer tutoring approach in Facebook: measuring students' critical thinking

Zulkifli, Nurul Nadwa and Abd Halim, Noor Dayana and Yahaya, Noraffandy and van der Meijden, Henny and Mohd Zaid, Norasykin and A. Rashid, Ana Haziqah and Hashim, Suhaizal (2022) Online reciprocal peer tutoring approach in Facebook: measuring students' critical thinking. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 17 (5). pp. 16-28. ISSN 1868-8799

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (915kB) | Request a copy


Critical thinking skills are one of the essential employability skills for graduates when entering the workforce. The lack of critical thinking skills among Malaysian graduates is a concern, as these skills are vital for success in the 21st century. Therefore, this paper aims to study the effects of online recip�rocal peer tutoring (RPT) through Facebook discussion on students' critical think�ing. In this study, the instructor used the online RPT approach on Facebook to nurture students to think critically. In RPT, the tutor role is switched between participants in each task, giving equal opportunities to all learners to benefit from the tutor and tutee role. This approach was integrated into their learning for four weeks to increase students' critical thinking. They need to be involved in 4 critical thinking tasks based on Bloom's taxonomy during the learning process. Twenty�nine undergraduate students from the School of Education, Faculty of Social Sci�ences and Humanities at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia completed the validated instrument, Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal test (inference, assump�tion, deduction, interpretation, evaluation arguments) before and after the treat�ment. The findings show that it is significantly different in making inference (Z=- 3.85, p=.000<*.05) and deduction (Z=-3.627, p=.000<*.05) criterion in post-test. These revealed that students who engaged in the online RPT environment showed positive improvements in those criteria in critical thinking after the treatment. In conclusion, students' critical thinking can be nurtured using Facebook with active learning strategies such as online RPT.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critical thinking; online reciprocal peer tutoring; Facebook, WGCTA
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T61-173 Technical education. Technical schools
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2022 06:54
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2022 06:54

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item