Long-baseline, sub-decimeter kinematic GPS positioning of moving object, with potential application to monitor ocean surface wave

Daud, Mohd Effendi and Omar, Kamaludin and Musa, Tajul Ariffin (2012) Long-baseline, sub-decimeter kinematic GPS positioning of moving object, with potential application to monitor ocean surface wave. Other thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

Precise relative kinematic positioning of moving platforms using GPS carrier phase observables has numerous applications. One prominent application is utilization of highly stabilized GPS technology mounted on the buoy, which is specially designed for detecting tsunami wave at open sea. The essential point of this research is to investigate a potential use of a GPS tsunami buoy for the purpose of tsunami early warning system with long-baseline kinematic GPS processing method. The rule of thumb GPS positioning concept, GPS position results are affected by. baseline length mostly due to de-correlation of atmospheric errors. As baseline lengths increase, position results degrade due to the difficulty to correctly fix the cariier phase ambiguity to its integer value. carrier phase fixed ambiguity solutions are more accurate that float arnbiguify solutions. It is generally accepted that carrier phase can be successfUlly fixed for baselines of up to 10 km. After that, fixing ambiguities becomes more difficult and risky. It would be certainty more advantageous to have a reliable float solution rather than an unreliable fixed solution. In this study, we have developed a new quasi-real time long-baseline kinematic analysis method using dual-frequency carrier phase with floated ambiguities, implemented in the Bernese GPS Software Version 5.0. We demonstrate that early detection of a damaging tsunami can be achieved by tracking the anomalous changes in sea surface height. The movements of a GPS buoy relative to a base station with baseline length of 500 km have been monitored in quasi-real time mode, and the tsunami waves caused by the 5th September 2004 Off Kii Peninsula earthquake, Japan, have been successful detected as they went by, even though these were only 15 cm high. The filtered record of the solution closely resembles that of short baseline, with RMS of 3.4 cm over 2.5 hours. To test the robustness of our Iong-baseline kinematic GPS method under various meteorological, we conducted the GPS tsunami buoy data analysis continuously for 8 days to monitor the motion of the buoy. The average scatterings of GPS buoy heights by the low-pass filtered 1 -Hz positioning result after tidal correction are about 3.4 cm and 1.2 cm under both typhoon and calm weather conditions. This accuracy is precise enough to be applicable to a tsunami early warning system. Since our long-baseline kinematic GPS analysis is effective to a long baseline up to 500 km, we can place a GPS buoy far offshore, which ensures an adequate evacuation time even, for people living on the coast.

Item Type:Thesis (Other)
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:6880
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:12 May 2015 16:40
Last Modified:12 May 2015 16:40

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