Porous ceramic/zeolite in engine exhaust treatment

Amirnordin, Shahrin Hisham and Abd. Rahman, Hamimah and Ainuddin @ Nordin, Ainun Rahmahwati and Alimin, Ahmad Jais and Mohd Ali, Mas Fawzi and Rahmat, Norwahdah and Triwahyono, Sugeng (2012) Porous ceramic/zeolite in engine exhaust treatment. Other thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

Stricter regulations enforcement by many countries has led to utilization of catalytic converters to treat exhaust emission. Commercial catalytic converters use honeycomb monolith structure with uniform-sized and parallel channels. However, ceramic open cell foam has received particular attention and has been proposed as an alternative structure as a substrate in catalytic converters. This porous ceramic/zeolite combines interconnecting channels to promote radial mixing and enhance turbulence together with zeolite; microporous solid known as molecular sieve with the ability to absorb molecules based on size exclusion process. Most current research is focused on the synthesized zeolite and its coating on the surface of ceramic foam. This project focuses on developing and testing porous ceramic/zeolite to treat emissions fiom petrol engines. It involves of three major tasks: preparation and characterization of alumina and natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) in producing porous ceramic/zeolite filter. Second and third task involve experimental and numerical work in determining pressure drop characteristics and its effects on engine performance for cars and motorcycles application. Under task 1, sample prepamtion of alumina and zeolite are using two methods: casting and polymeric sponge. The purpose is to determine appropriate alumina loading and sintering profile of the sample. The sintered porous ceramic bodies are characterized by their physical and mechanical properties i.e. flexural strength, hardness, porosity and density. The samples which can meet requirement in engine exhaust system are selected to be tested further. Under task 2, determination of pressure drop characteristics using blower facility is conducted for different configurations of filters for motorcycles and cars application. It uses digital pressure manometer to measure pressure drop, pitot probe to determine air flow rate and K-type thermocouple for air temperature. In numerical analysis, it uses Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to predict the pressure drop and to conduct laboratory studies for validation and actual application test of several configurations. Task 3 includes engine performance test which invalves severaI parameters i.e. power, torque, engine speed, exhaust temperature and filter temperature conducted using a chassis dynamometer under several different configurations of porous cerarnic/zeolite filter. These tests are performed on both motorcycle and car= In all performance tests, gas analyzer is used to determine emissions of hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) before and after installation of filter in the system. Results presented here are focused on system performance of the porous ceramic/zeolite filter ability to reduce emissions without affecting engine performance. In terms as emission, it is observed that reduction of emission typically ranged fiom 25 % to 60 % without affecting power and torque of the engine. Based on the results obtained, porous ceramic/zeolite has indicated its advantages by reducing emissions fiom gasoline engines without affecting overall engine performance.

Item Type:Thesis (Other)
Subjects:T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1-484 Motor vehicles. Cycles
ID Code:6884
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:13 May 2015 12:09
Last Modified:13 May 2015 12:09

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