The performance of soft computing techniques on content-based SMS spam filtering

Hassan Saeed, Waddah Waheeb (2015) The performance of soft computing techniques on content-based SMS spam filtering. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

Content-based filtering is one of the most widely used methods to combat SMS (Short Message Service) spam. This method represents SMS text messages by a set of selected features which are extracted from data sets. Most of the available data sets have imbalanced class distribution problem. However, not much attention has been paid to handle this problem which affect the characteristics and size of selected features and cause undesired performance. Soft computing approaches have been applied successfully in content-based spam filtering. In order to enhance soft computing performance, suitable feature subset should be selected. Therefore, this research investigates how well suited three soft computing techniques: Fuzzy Similarity, Artificial Neural Network and Support Vector Machines (SVM) are for content-based SMS spam filtering using an appropriate size of features which are selected by the Gini Index metric as it has the ability to extract suitable features from imbalanced data sets. The data sets used in this research were taken from three sources: UCI repository, Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT) and British English SMS. The performance of each of the technique was compared in terms of True Positive Rate against False Positive Rate, F1 score and Matthews Correlation Coefficient. The results showed that SVM with 150 features outperformed the other techniques in all the comparison measures. The average time needed to classify an SMS text message is a fraction of a millisecond. Another test using NUS SMS corpus was conducted in order to validate the SVM classifier with 150 features. The results again proved the efficiency of the SVM classifier with 150 features for SMS spam filtering with an accuracy of about 99.2%.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101-5865 Telecommunication. Telegraph.
ID Code:6939
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:04 Jun 2015 14:45
Last Modified:04 Jun 2015 14:45

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