Interfacial reaction between SAC3807 lead-free solders and different copper substrate via reflow soldering process

Fauzi, Muhamad Razizy and Amiruddin, Nurul Amira and Osman, Saliza Azlina and Mohamed Anuar, Rabiatul Adawiyah (2022) Interfacial reaction between SAC3807 lead-free solders and different copper substrate via reflow soldering process. Key Engineering Materials, 908. pp. 278-283. ISSN 1662-9795


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The different composition material of copper substrate significantly affects the intermetallic compound (IMC) formation and the solder joints durability. This study was conducted on the interfacial reaction between lead-free solder and the different copper substrates via reflow soldering. The selected substrate is copper (Cu) and copper-beryllium (Cu-Be). The lead-free solder involved is Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu (SAC3807) solder ball with a diameter of 700 µm. All the samples were subjected to the isothermal aging process. The material characterization and analysis on the IMC formation were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical microscope (OM), and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). After the reflow process, the result revealed that Cu6Sn5 and Cu3Sn IMC layer formed at SAC3870/Cu and SAC3870/Cu-Be interface. The changes to a rod-like shape Cu6Sn5 and needle-shaped Cu3Sn4 occur after the aging treatment on SAC3870/ Cu. Meanwhile, the IMC layer for SAC3870/Cu-Be shows a rod-like shape transformed into a blocky�like shape Cu6Sn5 and Cu3Sn4 rod-shape. This result indicates that Ag3Sn nano-sized was formed on the intermetallic surface during the aging process for both SAC3807/Cu and SAC3807/Cu-Be. The Ag3Sn nano-sized element at SAC3807/Cu-Be is many compared to SAC3807/Cu. In addition, IMC thickness for SAC3807/Cu-Be shows a thicker layer than SAC3807/Cu. In addition, the element of Be in SAC3807/Cu-Be cannot be defined because the beryllium element is not easily detected as the percentage was very low.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intermetallic compound; copper substrate; copper-beryllium substrate; lead-free solder; reflow soldering
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2022 02:13
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2022 02:13

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