Effect of waste plaster of Paris on physical and mechanical properties of ceramic pottery body

Mat Nawi, Abdullah (2016) Effect of waste plaster of Paris on physical and mechanical properties of ceramic pottery body. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


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Over the years, millions tonnes of waste plaster of Paris (POP) were generated and disposed in landfills or most of the time was dumped directly into the environment without any treatments, makes it as one of the environmental issues. Therefore, a new alternative is required to convert the wastes POP into useful materials and marketable to minimize the environmental impact. In the early stage, this study focused on the characterization of the raw material used through particle size analysis, thermal analysis, and identification of its purity. Then, the slip casting technique and standard American Society for Test and Materials (ASTM) was respectively used to fabricate and characterize all of the pottery samples. In the second stage, the ceramic pottery body was fabricated using different composition of waste POP, started from 0 wt.% until 12 wt.%. The samples obtained were analysed through viscosity test and its green body was observed. The results showed that the samples with compositions of 0 to 10 wt.% of waste POP were the only samples that can be used in this study. The analysis on the effects of particle sizes ranging from 25 to 73 μm and sintering temperatures ranging from 950 to 1050 °C on the physical and mechanical properties of the fabricated ceramic pottery body, respectively, were then determined in the third and fourth stage of this study. The physical properties were reported in terms of shrinkage, porosity, and density values; whereas, the mechanical properties were reported in terms of the value of modulus of rupture (MOR). The result showed that a dense and a high strength of ceramic pottery can be produced by using a finer size of particle of 25 μm and at a high sintering temperature of 1050 °C, based on the low porosity value, the high density value, MOR and also the controllable value of shrinkage. Therefore, it can be concluded that the waste POP can be successfully used as a filler to enhance the properties of ceramic pottery body.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing Engineering
Depositing User: Miss Afiqah Faiqah Mohd Hafiz
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2021 07:32
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2021 07:32
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/738

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