Pseudo-solidification of dredged marine soils with cement - fly ash for reuse in coastal development

Chan, Chee-Ming (2015) Pseudo-solidification of dredged marine soils with cement - fly ash for reuse in coastal development. WSEAS Transactions On Environment and Development, 11 (20). pp. 182-192. ISSN 1790-5079


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The dislodged and removed sediments from the seabed, termed dredged marine soils, are generally classified as a waste material requiring special disposal procedures. This is due to the potential contamination risks of transporting and disposing the dredged soils, and the fact that the material is of poor engineering quality, unsuitable for usage as a conventional good soil in construction. Also, taking into account the incurred costs and risk exposure in transferring the material to the dump site, whether on land or offshore, it is intuitive to examine the possibilities of reusing the dredged soils, especially in coastal development where the transportation route would be of shorter distance between the dredged site and the construction location. Pseudo-solidification of soils is not a novel idea though, where hydraulic binders are injected and mixed with soils to improve the inherent engineering properties for better load bearing capacity. It is commonly used on land in areas with vast and deep deposits of soft, weak soils. However, to implement the technique on the displaced then replaced dredged soil would require careful study, as the material is far more poorly than their land counterparts, and that the deployment of equipment and workforce in a coastal environment is understandably more challenging. The paper illustrates the laboratory investigation of the improved engineering performance of dredged marine soil sample with cement and fly ash blend. Some key findings include optimum dosage of cement and fly ash mix to produce up to 30 times of small strain stiffness improvement, pre-yield settlement reduction of the treated soil unaffected by prolonged curing period, and damage of the cementitious bonds formed by the rather small dosage of admixtures in the soil post-yield. In short, the test results show a promising reuse potential of the otherwise discarded dredged marine soils.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:dredged soil; solidification; strength; stiffness; reuse
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA703-711 Engineering geology. Rock mechanics. Soil mechanics.
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
ID Code:7422
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:04 Feb 2016 14:46
Last Modified:04 Feb 2016 14:46

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