Energy efficient path-planning for unmanned aerial vehicle

Debnath, Sanjoy Kumar (2022) Energy efficient path-planning for unmanned aerial vehicle. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


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This project develops an efficient path-planning algorithm for an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in obstacle-rich environments considering minimum energy consumption. UAV is increasingly being used to replace humans in performing risky missions in adverse environments. UAV normally gets its energy from solar, hydrogen cell or li-ion batteries. However, these energy sources have limitations; for example, in a cloudy day, solar power might not be fully generated. This may result in the UAV to fail in accomplishing a given mission if its path is longer than necessary. Therefore, it is vital for the UAV to have a minimal path length which leads to the least energy consumption. The proposed path planning algorithm is called Iterative Elliptical- Convex Visibility Graph (IECoVG) which is based on visibility graph (VG) and Dijkstra’s algorithm. IECoVG limits the size of the search space which will in turn reduce the number of obstacles for path planning. Performance comparison through simulation in terms of computational time and path length between IECoVG andconventional VG as well as the Iterative Equilateral Space Oriented VG (IESOVG)has been executed. Identical scenarios have been applied in order to have a fair and conclusive result. The simulation shows that IECoVG improves the computation time up to 86 % due to its efficiency in selecting the search space. To further enhance IECoVG, flight cost, segment length, heading angle change and the UAV’s speed have also been considered as they proportionally affect the energy consumption of the UAV. The enhanced IECoVG named IECoVG+ can improve the energy consumption of the UAV by 10.42 %.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Sabarina Che Mat
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2023 00:52
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2023 00:52

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