Effects of total chlorine free (TCF) bleaching on the characteristics of chemi mechanical (CMP) pulp and paper from Malaysian durian (DURIO ZIBETHINUS MURR.) rind

Masrol, Shaiful Rizal and Ibrahim, Mohd Halim Irwan and Adnan, Sharmiza and Ahmad Tajudin, Muhammad Syauqi Asyraf and Abdul Raub, Radhi and Abdul Razak, Siti Nurul Aqma and Md Zain, Siti Nur Faeza (2017) Effects of total chlorine free (TCF) bleaching on the characteristics of chemi mechanical (CMP) pulp and paper from Malaysian durian (DURIO ZIBETHINUS MURR.) rind. Jurnal Teknologi, 79 (4). pp. 55-64. ISSN 2180–3722

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.111132Fjt.v79.9803

Abstract

The effects of bleaching process on the characteristics of pulp and paper produced from durian rind under chemi-mechanical pulping (CMP) method were investigated. All process and characteristic tests were conducted according to Malaysian International Organisation for Standardization (MS ISO) and Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI). Three (3) stages of peroxide (P-P-P) bleaching sequence through the Total Chlorine Free (TCF) bleaching process were applied to the unbeaten and unbleached durian rind CMP pulp. Bleached CMP durian rind pulp drainage time (32s) decreased (faster) and CSF freeness level (172.50ml) increased as compared to a control pulp. It was obtained that overall optical (brightness (66.36 %)) and mechanical characteristics (tensile index (38.33 Nm/g), tearing index (7.56 mN.m2/g), bursting index (2.42 kPa.m2/g), and number of folds (43)) of durian rind CMP 60 gsm paper sheet improved as the TCF bleaching process was applied to the unbleached CMP durian rind pulp.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bleaching, total chlorine free, peroxide, durian, durian rind, pulp, paper
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP995-996 Utilization of wastes
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
ID Code:9145
Deposited By:Mr. Shaiful Rizal Masrol
Deposited On:05 Jun 2017 08:54
Last Modified:05 Jun 2017 08:54

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