Structural relationship of leadership qualities with site workers issues for Saudi Arabia’s Construction Industry

Yahya Al-Emad, Nashwan Hamid (2020) Structural relationship of leadership qualities with site workers issues for Saudi Arabia’s Construction Industry. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


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Construction industry is one of the main industries that provide significant development of any country because it acts as an investment industry due to the nature of its outputs. To ensure a successful construction projects, one of the important factors to be considered is managing site workers effectively. It requires good leadership qualities in handling workers’ issues. Hence, this study was aimed to develop relationship between leadership qualities and workers issues for Saudi Arabia’s construction industry. Several objectives are introduced to accomplish the aim including: identify issues engulfing site workers and also leadership qualities in Saudi Arabia’s construction industry, determine hierarchy/ranks of workers issues and leadership qualities,establish structural relationship of leadership qualities and workers’ issues, and finally develop framework of leadership qualities and workers’ issues for Saudi Arabia’s construction industry.This study was carried out using mixed mode methods or known as triangulation method that comprises of qualitative method using open-ended interviews and quantitative method using questionnaire survey. A literature review was carried out based on previous research works related to workers issues and leadership qualities and found thirty-one (31) issues and thirty-seven (37) leadership qualities. After that, qualitative exploratory study was conducted to identify the issues engulfing site workers and required leadership qualities and it involved eleven (11) construction experts. Based on the exploratory study, thirty-two (32) workers’ issues were identified and also twenty-three (23) leadership qualities were determined. Compilation of literature review results and exploratory study outcomes resulted in identifying forty-seven (47) workers’ issues and fifty-four (54) leadership qualities. Based on this process, a pilot survey involved thirty-one (31) experts working in Makkah’s construction projects was conducted using semi-structured survey to assess the level of relevancy of each identified issue and quality to Makkah’s construction industry. Outcomes of pilot survey were improved and subsequently being used in actual survey. Questionnaire survey was developed based on the outcomes of pilot survey and consisted of three parts that are respondents’ demography, identifying significant workers’ issues and identifying significant leadership qualities. Five hundred ninety (590) questionnaires were distributed manually and electronically among construction professionals in Makkah city. Only two hundred and three (203) valid responses were collected and considered vi for analysis. Collected data was used to carry out hierarchical assessments for each workers’ issue and leadership quality from most significant to less significant using univariate analysis through descriptive analysis approach. Then, the collected data were further used to establish relationships between leadership qualities with workers’ issues through multivariate analysis using SmartPLS software. Structural relationship was developed to relate leadership qualities with workers’ issues. The developed structural relationship found to be fit with Goodness of Fit (GoF) value of 0.31. Based on PLS-SEM outcomes, the framework was developed which indicates the relationship between 6 leadership qualities groups (LQ) with 4 workers’ issues group (WI). Then the developed framework was verified through interviewing 12 construction experts. Verification results confirmed that, the most appropriate leadership qualities groups that required to handle each group of workers issues are Problem Solving required for Salary Discrepancy, Agility in Actions required for Under Performance, Wisdom Approach required for Unfair Treatment and Effective Implementation required for Restricted Regulation. This study has significantly pointed out the required leadership qualities that are vital to handle workers’ issues successfully for Saudi Arabia’s construction industry. Findings can be helpful for construction players in hiring potential leaders for their organizations.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction > TH4021-4977 Buildings: Construction with reference to use. Including public buildings, dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Built Environment > Department of Civil Engineering : Building and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Sabarina Che Mat
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2021 03:48
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 03:48

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