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Physical characterization of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) blends as biofuel

Mantari, Muhammad Hanafi Asril Rajo (2017) Physical characterization of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) blends as biofuel. MATEC Web of Conferences, 13. pp. 1-7.

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Palm oil has been accepted to be used as fuel with the introduction of petroleum diesel and Palm Methyl Ester (PME) in 2014. The high cost is the major drawback of PME. Not only PME is derived from an expensive low Free Fatty Acid (FFA) feedstock, the cost to convert FFA to PME through the process of trans esterification and purification of palm oil fatty acid is also expensive. Alternative feedstock of FFA is palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD). PFAD is a by-product of crude palm oil (CPO) refining. It is inedible and a low price palm oil product making it attractive as a feedstock for biofuel. The high viscosity of PFAD can be reduced by blending it with diesel fuel. Five blends of PFAD and diesel blends with 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% volumetric ratio were produced in this study. The physical properties of the blends such as density, viscosity, surface tension and flash point were determined and the results were compared to the Malaysian Standard for Diesel Fuel (MS123:2014). The results show that all properties of the blends are within the acceptable value for diesel fuel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: crude palm oil (CPO); free Fatty Acid (FFA); palm oil fatty acid
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP670-699 Oils, fats, and waxes
Depositing User: Student Praktikal UiTM
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2018 11:24
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 11:24
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10106
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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