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Investigating the effectiveness of using agricultural wastes from Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB), Coconut Fibre (CF) and Sugarcane Baggasse (SB) to produce low thermal conductivity clay bricks

Hamzah, Mohamad Hazmi and Deraman, Rafikullah and Mat Saman, Nor Sarwani (2017) Investigating the effectiveness of using agricultural wastes from Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB), Coconut Fibre (CF) and Sugarcane Baggasse (SB) to produce low thermal conductivity clay bricks. In: AIP Conference Proceedings.

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Abstract

In Malaysia, 45% of the average household electricity was consumed by air conditioners to create an acceptable indoor environment. This high energy consumption was mostly related to poor thermal performance of the building envelope. Therefore, selecting a low thermal conductivity of brick wall was of considerable importance in creating energy efficient buildings. Previously, numerous researchers reported the potential used of agricultural waste as an additive in building materials to enhance their thermal properties. The aim of this study is to examine how agricultural wastes from empty fruit bunch (EFB), coconut fibre (CF) and sugarcane bagasse (SB) can act as additive agents in a fired clay brick manufacturing process to produce a low thermal conductivity clay brick. In this study, these agricultural wastes were individually mixed with clay soil in different proportions ranging from 0%, 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% and 10% by weight. Physical and mechanical properties including soil physical properties, as well as thermal conductivity were performed in accordance with BS 1377: Part 2: 1990, BS 3921: 1985 and ASTM C518. The results reveal that incorporating 5% of EFB as an additive component into the brick making process significantly enhances the production of a low thermal conductivity clay brick as compared to other waste alternatives tested. This finding suggests that EFB waste was a potential additive material to be used for the thermal property enhancement of the building envelope.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Depositing User: Pelajar Praktikal UiTM
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:28
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:28
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10154
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