UTHM Institutional Repository

Electrical capacitance tomography (ECT): an improved sensitivity distribution using two-differential excitation technique

Mohamad, Elmy Johana and Mohmad Ameran, Hanis Liyana and Abdul Rahim, Ruzairi and Md. Faizan Marwah, Omar (2015) Electrical capacitance tomography (ECT): an improved sensitivity distribution using two-differential excitation technique. Jurnal Teknologi, 74 (1). pp. 43-50. ISSN 21803722


Download (1MB)


In this study, we propose the use of the two-differential potential excitation technique in an Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT) system to improve: (1) the non-uniform sensitivity distribution caused by the non-uniform potential distribution in the central area; and (2) the nonlinear relation between capacitance and material permittivity. A simulation of a 16-segmented ECT system is developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to observe the changes of the inter-electrodes capacitances and the permittivity of the dielectric material when two differential excitation potentials are injected. Generated phantoms and measured values are presented. An experiment using the real system is also carried out to verify the simulations results. By using this technique, it was shown that the relationship between the capacitances measured from inter-electrodes and the permittivity became more linear. In addition, potential distribution is increased in the central area indicating an increase in the sensitivity distribution in the central area. The use of this technique increases the level of detected signals and improves the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) as compared to those achieved using standard single-voltage source methods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ECT; permittivity distribution; differential excitation potentials; COMSOL multiphysics
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA1501-1820 Applied optics. Photonics
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Robotic and Mechatronic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2018 03:21
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2018 03:21
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10295
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year