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Review on pen-and-paper-based observational methods for assessing ergonomic risk factors of computer work

Abdol Rahman, Mohd Nasrull and Mohamad, Siti Shafika (2017) Review on pen-and-paper-based observational methods for assessing ergonomic risk factors of computer work. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 57 (1). pp. 69-77. ISSN 10519815

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Official URL: DOI: 10.3233/WOR-172541


BACKGROUND: Computer works are associated with Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). There are several methods have been developed to assess computer work risk factor related to MSDs. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to give an overview of current techniques available for pen-and-paper-based observational methods in assessing ergonomic risk factors of computer work. METHODS: We searched an electronic database for materials from 1992 until 2015. The selected methods were focused on computer work, pen-and-paper observational methods, office risk factors and musculoskeletal disorders. This review was developed to assess the risk factors, reliability and validity of pen-and-paper observational method associated with computer work. Two evaluators independently carried out this review. RESULTS: Seven observational methods used to assess exposure to office risk factor for work-related musculoskeletal disorders were identified. The risk factors involved in current techniques of pen and paper based observational tools were postures, office components, force and repetition. From the seven methods, only five methods had been tested for reliability. They were proven to be reliable and were rated as moderate to good. For the validity testing, from seven methods only four methods were tested and the results are moderate. CONCLUSION: Many observational tools already exist, but no single tool appears to cover all of the risk factors including working posture, office component, force, repetition and office environment at office workstations and computer work. Although the most important factor in developing tool is proper validation of exposure assessment techniques, the existing observational method did not test reliability and validity. Futhermore, this review could provide the researchers with ways on how to improve the pen-and-paper-based observational method for assessing ergonomic risk factors of computer work.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pen-and-paper-based; computer works; ergonomic; observational methods; risk factors
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA166-167 Human engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2018 01:14
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2018 01:14
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10338
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