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Effect of bifunctional isocyanate linker on adsorption of chromium(vi) diphenylcarbazide complex onto β-cyclodextrin

Mohamad, Sharifah and Mohd Yusof, Nurul Huda and Asman, Saliza (2013) Effect of bifunctional isocyanate linker on adsorption of chromium(vi) diphenylcarbazide complex onto β-cyclodextrin. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 25 (4). pp. 2213-2220. ISSN 0975427X

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Abstract

Two polymers has been synthesized using bifunctional reagents of isocyanate group as crosslinking agent, which are b-cyclodextrin polymer crosslinked hexamethylene diisocyanate (b-CDP-HMDI) and b-cyclodextrin polymer crosslinked toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (b-CDP-TDI). The adsorption of Cr(VI) ions from aqueous solution by b-cyclodextrin polymer (b-CDP) as an adsorbent was studied in batch adsorption experiments. The method was based on the complex of Cr(VI) with 1,5-diphenylcarbazide (DPC) in acidic solution loaded on b-CDP-HMDI and b-CDP-TDI adsorbents. The adsorbents were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The adsorption isotherm and kinetics of Cr(VI)-DPC complex onto both of b-cyclodextrin polymer were studied. It showed that the Langmuir isotherm is better fit described the adsorption process for b-CDP-HMDI, while Freundlich isotherm is better fit for b-CDPTDI. The pseudo second order kinetic model represented the adsorption process for both of b-cyclodextrin polymer adsorbents. However, the rate constant of adsorption by b-CDP-TDI was lower than b-CDP-HMDI. The thermodynamic study showed that the enthalpy (DHº) value of b-CDP-TDI was higher than b-CDP-HMDI, indicated that b-CDP-TDI has strong chemical bond with Cr(VI)-DPC. Furthermore, the value of free energy (DGº) and and entropy (DSº) showed that b-CDP-TDI was more absorbable of Cr(IV)-DPC complexes than b- CDP-HMDI. From these results, it was revealed that cross-linking agent is the main factor that contribute in the adsorption process of Cr(VI)-DPC complex onto b-cyclodextrin polymer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: β-cyclodextrin; bifunctional cross-linking agent; isocyanate; adsorption; Cr(VI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2018 05:41
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2018 05:41
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10366
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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