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Performance of geopolymer high strength concrete wall panels and cylinders when exposed to a hydrocarbon fire

Mohd Ali, A. Z. and Sanjayan, Jay and Guerrieri, Maurice (2017) Performance of geopolymer high strength concrete wall panels and cylinders when exposed to a hydrocarbon fire. Construction and Building Materials, 137. pp. 195-207. ISSN 09500618

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Abstract

This study presents an investigation of the effect of hydrocarbon fire exposure on the residual compressive strength properties of geopolymer concrete panels and cylinders. Gladstone flyash was utilized as the binder whilst the alkaline solution/fly-ash ratio and sodium silicate to sodium hydroxide (Na2SiO3/ NaOH) ratio was 0.4 and 2.5 respectively. The compressive strength at the test date was 64 MPa. Two different cylindrical specimens’ sizes (150 and 100 mm diameter x 300 and 200 mm high) were exposed on all sides to the hydrocarbon fire scenario for 120 min whilst panels of 1075 x 1075 x 200 mm were exposed on one side for the same time duration. Results showed that no significant spalling occurred in any of the specimens and the mass loss during heating was between 2.70 and 4.65% respectively which was attributed due to moisture loss. Low differential gradients and thermal incompatibility between the geopolymer paste and aggregates provides geopolymer concrete with superior spalling resistance than Ordinary Portland cement concrete. Residual compressive strength testing showed that the panels maintained approximately 60% of their initial compressive strength indicating that geopolymer concrete specimens can maintain sufficient load bearing capacity in the event of fire exposure. The residual strength profiles indicated that specimen size effect was also exhibited with the remaining strength of the cylinders being approximately 10 and 20% for the 100 mm and 150 mm dimeter specimens respectively. The dull red color exhibited in all specimens after fire testing indicated the presence of high iron content in the geopolymer matrix. Insitu temperature analysis showed that the geopolymer concrete had excellent heat resistance capabilities with temperatures at a depth of 100 mm from the exposed surface ranging between 39 °C and 45 °C after 30 min of fire exposure even though the temperature at exposed surface exceeds 1000 °C. This is reinforced by the fact that the geopolymer has a high heat storage capacity as indicated by the geopolymers lower thermal diffusivity than OPC concrete.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Compressive strength; concrete; differential thermal gradient; fire; geopolymer; residual strength; spalling; thermal diffusivity; thermal incompatibility
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Structural and Material Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 02:05
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2018 02:05
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10418
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