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Flow and sediment yield simulations for Bukit Merah Reservoir catchment, Malaysia: a case study

Abu Hasan, Zorkeflee and Hamidon, Nuramidah and Yusof, Mohd Suffian and Ab Ghani, Aminuddin (2012) Flow and sediment yield simulations for Bukit Merah Reservoir catchment, Malaysia: a case study. Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, 66 (10). pp. 2170-2176. ISSN 16069749

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Abstract

Bukit Merah Reservoir is the main potable and irrigation water source for Kerian District, Perak State, Malaysia. For the past two decades, the reservoir has experienced water stress. Land-use activities have been identified as the contributor of the sedimentation. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was used to simulate and quantify the impacts of land-use change in the reservoir watershed. The SWAT was calibrated and two scenarios were constructed representing projected land use in the year 2015 and hypothetical land use to represent extensive land-use change in the catchment area. The simulation results based on 17 years of rainfall records indicate that average water quantity will not be significantly affected but the ground water storage will decrease and suspended sediment will increase. Ground water decrease and sediment yield increase will exacerbate the Bukit Merah Reservoir operation problem.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bukit Merah Reservoir; sedimentation; simulation; soil and water assessment tool
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2018 07:53
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 07:53
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10487
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