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Suitability of ANN applied as a hydrological model coupled with statistical downscaling model: a case study in the northern area of Peninsular Malaysia

Hassan, Zulkarnain and Shamsudin, Supiah and Harun, Sobri and Abdul Malek, Marlinda and Hamidon, Nuramidah (2015) Suitability of ANN applied as a hydrological model coupled with statistical downscaling model: a case study in the northern area of Peninsular Malaysia. Environmental Earth Sciences, 74 (1). pp. 463-477. ISSN 18666299

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Abstract

The increase in global surface temperature in response to the changing composition of the atmosphere will significantly impact upon local hydrological regimes and water resources. This situation will then lead to the need for an assessment of regional climate change impacts. The objectives of this study are to determine current and future climate change scenarios using statistical downscaling model (SDSM) and to assess climate change impact on river runoff using artificial neural network (ANN) and identification of unit hydrographs and component flows from rainfall, evaporation and streamflow data (IHACRES) models, respectively. This study investigates the potential of ANN to project future runoff influenced by large-scale atmospheric variables for selected watershed in Peninsular Malaysia. In this study, simulations of general circulation models from Hadley Centre 3rd generation with A2 and B2 scenarios have been used. According to the SDSM projection, daily rainfall and temperature during the 2080s will increase by up to 2.23 mm and 2.02 °C, respectively. Moreover, river runoff corresponding to downscaled future projections presented a maximum increase in daily river runoff of 52 m3/s. The result revealed that theANNwas able to capture the observed runoff, as well as the IHACRES. However, compared to the IHACRES model, the ANN model was unable to provide an identical trend for daily and annual runoff series.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Statistical downscaling; IHACRES; artificial neural network; river runoff; Malaysia
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2018 07:53
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 07:53
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10488
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