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Efficient separation of oily wastewater using polyethersulfone mixed matrix membrane incorporated with halloysite nanotube-hydrous ferric oxide nanoparticle

Wan Ikhsan, Syarifah Nazirah and Yusof, Norhaniza and Aziz, Farhana and Misdan, Nurasyikin and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Lau, Woei-Jye and Jaafar, Juhana and Wan Salleh, Wan Norharyati and Hairom, Nur Hanis Hayati (2018) Efficient separation of oily wastewater using polyethersulfone mixed matrix membrane incorporated with halloysite nanotube-hydrous ferric oxide nanoparticle. Separation and Purification Technology, 199. pp. 161-169. ISSN 13835866

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Abstract

In this work, self-synthesized halloysite nanotube-hydrous ferric dioxide (HNT-HFO) nanocomposites prepared via chemical precipitation method were incorporated in polyethersulfone (PES) to fabricate novel ultrafiltration (UF) mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) for oil-water separation process. Prior to filtration experiments, the morphologies and physicochemical properties of prepared HNT-HFO nanocomposites and MMMs were characterized using scanning electron microscope with energy-dispersive X-ray, transmission electron microscope, Fourier-transform Infrared spectroscope, atomic force microscope and contact angle goniometer. It was found that the membrane contact angle decreased remarkably from 81.39° to about 50.30° upon addition of 23.08 wt% of HNT-HFO nanocomposite (2.0 loading ratio) in the PES matrix. The improved surface hydrophilicity resulted in the flux enhancement in the MMM, achieving close to 650 L/m2 h bar of pure water flux. This value was about 10 times higher than the flux shown by the pristine PES membrane. In addition to the excellent water flux, the MMM also exhibited almost complete elimination of oil molecules (99.7% rejection) when tested with 1000 ppm oily solution. The findings indicated the potential use of the newly developed MMMs for efficient purification of oily wastewater in the oil field and refinery processes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oily wastewater treatment; ultrafiltration; mixed matrix membranes; hydrous ferric oxide; halloysite nanotube
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2019 08:48
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2019 08:48
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10516
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