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Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using Bacillus subtilis biomass pre-treated by supercritical carbon dioxide

Al-Gheethi, Adel and Radin Mohamed, Radin Maya Saphira and Noman, Efaq and Ismail, Norli and Ab. Kadir, Omar (2017) Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using Bacillus subtilis biomass pre-treated by supercritical carbon dioxide. Clean – Soil, Air, Water, 45 (10). ISSN 18630669

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Abstract

Surface properties of bacterial cells enable them to be used in the removal of heavy metals. Moreover, the inactivation of bacterial cells via chemical or physical processes may enhance the biosorption efficiency for heavy metals. The use of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) to inactivate bacteria based on destruction of cell walls took place due to the pressurized CO2. In this study, the pre-treatment of Bacillus subtilis cells by SCCO2 (BM1), steam autoclaving (BM2), and untreated living cells (BM3) were investigated to show improvement in heavy metal removal. The removal process was optimized based on the main factors affecting bacterial biosorption, which included heavy metals ion concentrations, cell biomass concentrations, pH, time, and temperature. The efficiency of bacterial biomass in removing Ni2+ ions in the presence of different concentrations of Pb2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, and Cd2+ was also tested. BM1 and BM2 exhibited the highest potential for the removal of nickel ions in comparison to BM3. The maximum efficiency was 98.54, 99.2, and 96.3% for BM1, BM2, and BM3, respectively. Moreover, BM1 displayed a higher biosorption capacity for Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Pb2+, and Cd2+ (>150 mg g--1) than BM2 and BM3. Biosorption on bacterial cell biomass of Ni2+ ions shows lower removal affinity in the presence of other metal ions. In conclusion, the pre-treatment of bacterial cells biomass by SC-CO2 enhanced the removal process of heavy metal ions compared to untreated living cells.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autoclaving; biosorption; gram-positive bacteria; heavy metals; SC-CO2
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2019 08:01
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2019 08:01
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10532
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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