UTHM Institutional Repository

Utilization of bottom ash for alkali-activated (Si-Al) materials: a review

Deraman, Laila Mardiah and Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri and Liew, Yun Ming and Hussin, Kamarudin and Yahya, Zarina and Abdul Kadir, Aeslina (2015) Utilization of bottom ash for alkali-activated (Si-Al) materials: a review. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10 (18). pp. 8351-8357. ISSN 18196608

Full text not available from this repository.


In Malaysia, 180 tons/day of solid waste bottom ash are produced by a Tanjung Bin power station, which is one of the four coal power plants in Malaysia. Hence, to overcome this problem, the solid waste could be used as source material in construction industry using geopolymer technique. Alkali-activated materials are introduced as an alternative materials to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) in the construction industry. There are many types of alkaline activator raw materi als such as bottom ash, fly ash, metakaolin and so on that can be substituted the materials existing such as cement and fine or course aggregate in the market now to make any production where the materials are coming from waste.The geopolymerization process involves a substantially fast chemical reaction under alkaline conditions with Si and Al minerals that results in a three‐dimensional polymeric chain and ring structure consisting of Si‐O‐Al‐O. The higher Si‐O‐Al‐O bonds are contained in the geopolymer, the higher compressive strength results will find. Several types of building materials such as bricks and blocks can be formed for commercial exploitation using bottom ash with geopolymerization method.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bottom ash; fly ash; geopolymer; sodium hydroxide; alkaline activator; bricks
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD785-812 Municipal refuse. Solid wastes
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 01:09
Last Modified: 13 May 2019 01:09
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11096
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item