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Comparison of chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils extracted from different parts of Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) fruit

Lam, Nyee Fan and Abu Bakar, Mohd Fadzelly and Md Nor, Noor Atiekah and Che Rahim, Azlen and Abu Bakar, Fazleen Izzany and Md Sukari, Mohd Aspollah (2018) Comparison of chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils extracted from different parts of Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) fruit. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 30 (8). pp. 1743-1746. ISSN 0975427X

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Abstract

Mangifera pajang produces a fruit that is similar to mango, but characterized by brownish exterior colour that contained yellowish flesh and strong mangoish-turpentine aroma. This study identified the chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil extracted from flesh, peel and kernel of M. pajang. Different parts of M. Pajang were extracted using hydrodistillation and the essential oils obtained were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The antioxidant activity was determined spectrophotometrically while the antimicrobial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion method. Total of 56 (flesh), 9 (peel) and 26 (kernel) volatile compounds were identified from the essential oil with the major component obtained were 3-methyl-4-cyclohexene (14.91 %), α-pinene (34.73 %) and linoleic acid (16.58 %), respectively. The essential oils extracted from different parts of the fruit displayed weak inhibition in antimicrobial activity. Antioxidant activity using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging showed that essential oil from M. pajang peel displayed the highest antioxidant capacity. It is clear that the essential oils extracted from different parts of M. pajang possess beneficial phytochemicals that can contribute to human's health.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mangifera pajang; flesh; peel; kernel; essential oils; antimicrobial; antioxidant activity
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Technolgy and Heritage
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2019 06:59
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2019 06:59
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11216
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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