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Optimization of ceramic waste filter for bathroom greywater treatment using central composite design (CCD)

Radin Mohamed, Radin Maya Saphira and Al-Gheethi, Adel and Abdulrahman, Adeleke and Sainudin, Muhammad Shabery and Bakar, Siti Asmah and Mohd Kassim, Amir Hashim (2018) Optimization of ceramic waste filter for bathroom greywater treatment using central composite design (CCD). Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6 (2). pp. 1578-1588. ISSN 22133437

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Abstract

The present study aims to develop a filtration system consisting of ceramic wastes as a treatment process of bathroom greywater to reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD), Total suspended solids (TSS), Total nitrogen (TN), and turbidity. Optimization of the reduction efficiency was investigated using response surface methodology (RSM) as a function of the ceramic practical sizes (0.25–1.18 mm) and hydraulic retention time HRT (1–3 h). The functional groups on the surface of the ceramic filter media were determined using Fourier transform irradiation (FTIR), while the scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to determine the microstructure and the surface morphology of the ceramic particles. Results revealed that the optimal reduction of COD, TSS, TN, and turbidity was influenced by active sites of the filter media (C]C, C]O, CeOeH, and OH−) and was achieved under the operating conditions of 0.25mm of ceramic particles after 3 h of HRT, the observed and predicted reduction for COD, TSS, TN, and Turbidity were 38.8 vs. 39.8%; 58.47 vs. 59.59%; 66.66 vs. 67.32%; 88.31 vs. 89.02%, respectively. It can be concluded that the effectiveness of the ceramic filter media is a potential source for the filtration of bathroom greywater.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Greywater; ceramic filter; characteristic; removal; optimization; RSM
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2019 06:59
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2019 06:59
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11219
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