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Morphological study of co-extruded dual-layer hollow fiber membranes incorporated with different TiO2 loadings

Dzinun, Hazlini and Othman, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan and Ismail, A. F. and Puteh, Mohd Hafiz and A. Rahman, Mukhlis and Jaafar, Juhana (2015) Morphological study of co-extruded dual-layer hollow fiber membranes incorporated with different TiO2 loadings. Journal of Membrane Science, 479. pp. 123-131. ISSN 03767388

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Abstract

Dual-layer hollow fiber (DLHF) membranes prepared via a phase inversion based co-extrusion technique offer a number of advantages, such as self-supporting structure, high active surface area to volume ratio, easy fabrication and ability to withstand high operating pressure. This paper reports novel DLHF membranes fabricated via a single step co-extrusion technique with immobilized titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles embedded in their outer layer. In this work, the DLHF membranes were preparedby extruding two different dope solutions simultaneously, in which the inner layer consisted of poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and solvent N, N-dimethyl acetamide (DMAc) while the outer layer was a mixture of PVDF, TiO2 and DMAc. The effect of TiO2 loading, where the mass fraction of TiO2/PVDF was varied from 0 to 1, on the morphologies and properties of the DLHF membranes were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), contact angle goniometer, surface roughness and filtration experiments. The SEM results showed that DLHF membranes have a good interfacial adhesion between layers with no delamination found. The structure of the membranes characterized by the length of their finger-like voids was significantly affected by the TiO2 addition. The void lengths were elongated by the rise of the TiO2 loading up to certain fraction of TiO2/PVDF. Based on all the findings, it can be concluded that the proposed method of producing the DLHF membranes could provide good layer–layer interfacial adhesion and well-dispersed TiO2 in the irouterlayer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dual layer hollow fiber membranes; immobilized inorganic additive; finger-like voids; co-extrusion technique; phase inversion
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS200-770 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
Divisions: Centre of Diploma Studies > Department of Science and Mathematics
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2019 00:59
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2019 00:59
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11375
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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