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Assessment of kinetic models on Fe adsorption in groundwater using high-quality limestone

Akbar, N. A. and Mohd Kamil, N. A. F. and Md Zin, N. S. and Adlan, M. N. and A. Aziz, H. (2017) Assessment of kinetic models on Fe adsorption in groundwater using high-quality limestone. In: 4th International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering for Sustainability (IConCEES 2017), 4–5 December 2017, Langkawi, Malaysia.

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During the groundwater pumping process, dissolved Fe2+ is oxidized into Fe3+ and produce rust-coloured iron mineral. Adsorption kinetic models are used to evaluate the performance of limestone adsorbent and describe the mechanism of adsorption and the diffusion processes of Fe adsorption in groundwater. This work presents the best kinetic model of Fe adsorption, which was chosen based on a higher value of coefficient correlation, R2. A batch adsorption experiment was conducted for various contact times ranging from 0 to 135 minutes. From the results of the batch study, three kinetic models were analyzed for Fe removal onto limestone sorbent, including the pseudo-first order (PFO), pseudo-second order (PSO) and intraparticle diffusion (IPD) models. Results show that the adsorption kinetic models follow the sequence: PSO > PFO > IPD, where the values of R2 are 0.997 > 0.919 > 0.918. A high value of R2 (0.997) reveals better fitted experimental data. Furthermore, the value of qe cal in the PSO kinetic model is very near to qe exp rather than that in other models. This finding therefore suggests that the PSO kinetic model has the good fitted with the experimental data which involved chemisorption process of divalent Fe removal in groundwater solution. Thus, limestone adsorbent media found to be an alternative and effective treatment of Fe removal from groundwater.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2019 01:00
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 02:14
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11420
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