UTHM Institutional Repository

Nutrients removal from artificial bathroom greywater using Botryococcus sp. strain

R. Mohamed, R. M. S. and Al-Gheethi , A. A. and Wurochekke, A. A. and Maizatul, A. Y. and Matias-Peralta, H. M. and Mohd Kassim, A. H. (2017) Nutrients removal from artificial bathroom greywater using Botryococcus sp. strain. In: 4th International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering for Sustainability (IConCEES 2017), 4–5 December 2017, Langkawi, Malaysia.

[img] PDF

Download (787kB)


The discharge of untreated bathroom greywater directly into drain is a most common practice in the rural area. The uncontrolled discharge of greywater from the village houses escalates the pollution among Malaysian river and provide insanitary environment through mosquito and flies breeding grounds. Therefore, the current work aimed to investigate the potential of Botryococcus sp. for removing total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and total organic carbon (TOC) from artificial bathroom greywater and to determine the bio-kinetic removal rate for these parameters. The artificial bathroom greywater was prepared by using regular brands used in the community, the bathroom greywater quality was tested for BOD, COD, SS, pH, and Turbidity. The removal process was conducted in the lab scale with 108 cell mL-1 of Botryococcus sp. The removal of TN, TP and TOC was measured in interval of 3, 5 and 7 days. The results deduced that Botryococcus sp. removed 51.5% of TN, 49.5% of TP and 42.6% of TOC. Moreover, the bio-kinetic model studies, revealed that the specific removal rate of TN, TP and TOC have a significant relationship with initial concentration in the artificial greywater (R2= 0.63, 0.95 and 0.95 respectively). The kinetic coefficient of greywater parameters removed by Botryococcus sp. was determined as k=0.357 mg TN 1 log10 cell mL-1 d-1 and km=31.33 mg L-1 (R2=0.73), k=4.58 mg TP 1 log10 cell mL-1 d-1 and km=283.86 mg L-1 (R2=0.95), k=7.9 mg TOC 1 log10 cell mL-1 d-1 and km=322.32 mg L-1 (R2=0.97). The bio- kinetic model indicated that more than 90% of TN, TP and TOC was taken place as a response for Botryococcus sp.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2019 01:01
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2019 01:01
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11432
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year