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Review of coal bottom ash and coconut shell in the production of concrete

S. K., Faisal and Mazenan, P. N. and Shahidan, S. and Irwan, J. M. (2018) Review of coal bottom ash and coconut shell in the production of concrete. In: International Conference on Innovative Technology, Engineering and Sciences 2018 (iCITES 2018), 1–2 March 2018, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) Pekan Campus Library, Malaysia.

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Concrete is the main construction material in the worldwide construction industry. High demand of sand in the concrete production have been increased which become the problems in industry. Natural sand is the most common material used in the construction industry as natural fine aggregate and it caused the availability of good quality of natural sand keep decreasing. The need for a sustainable and green construction building material is required in the construction industry. Hence, this paper presents utilization of coal bottom ash and coconut shell as partial sand replacement in production of concrete. It is able to save cost and energy other than protecting the environment. In summary, 30% usage of coal bottom ash and 25% replacement of coconut shell as aggregate replacement show the acceptable and satisfactory strength of concrete.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Structural and Material Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2019 03:41
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2019 03:41
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11456
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